Learning guides - English

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Definition of debt deflation
What is debt deflation? Debt deflation is a theory based on the principle of the correlation between the debt burden and the price level in a country. Deflation has the effect of significantly…
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Definition of deflation
What is deflation? Deflation is a measure of the general decline in the price of goods and services within a country or geographical area. Before you can talk about deflation, there needs to have…
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Definition of disinflation
What is disinflation? Disinflation is a decrease in the inflation rate over a given period of time. It should not be confused with deflation which is a general decrease in prices. During periods of…
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Definition of negative inflation
What is negative inflation? Negativeinflation is a general price decrease that is not sustainable. This is a temporary decrease that is part of a general trend of rising prices. It is important to…
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Definition of demand inflation
What is demand inflation? Demand inflation is a general and sustained increase in prices due to demand that is too high in relation to supply. The lack of products and services then automatically…
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Definition of core inflation
What is core inflation? Inflation is a measure of the level of general price increase that does not take into account certain expenditure items in the calculation. The objective is to have a…
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Definition of hyperinflation
What is hyperinflation? Hyperinflation, also known as galloping inflation, is an economic situation where there is an extreme rise in the inflation rate within a geographical area.We're talking…
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Definition of stagflation
What is stagflation? Stagflation is an economic expression for a period with weak or no growth and strong inflation. For stagflation to occur, the price increase and economic slowdown must be…
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Definition of imported inflation
What is imported inflation? Imported inflation is a general and sustainable price increase due to an increase in costs of imported products. This price increase concerns the price of raw materials…
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Definition of inflation
What is inflation? Inflation is a measure of the general increase in the prices of goods and services in a country or geographical area. The higher the inflation, the more the currency loses value.…
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Inflation and exchange rates
On the Forex market, inflation is an economic indicator that is highly monitored by traders. The inflation rate is one of the most important determinants of exchange rate developments even if other…
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Actual inflation and perceived inflation
Definition of actual inflation and perceived inflation Actual inflation is the rate of inflation measured by the consumer price index. Perceived inflation is the rate of inflation measured by a…
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Definition: conventional monetary policy
What is conventional monetary policy? Conventional monetary policy is a set ofinstruments available to a central bank to control the money supply level. These include instruments that have been…
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Definition of expansive monetary policy
What is an expansive monetary policy? An expansive monetary policy is activity by the central bank to stimulate economic activity in a country or geographical area. This type of policy is adopted…
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Definition of unconventional monetary policy
What is unconventional monetary policy? Unconventional monetary policy is a set of measures taken by a central bank to bring an end to an exceptional economic situation. Central banks use these…
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Definition of restrictive monetary policy
What is a restrictive monetary policy? A restrictive monetary policy is a set of central bank measures aimed at combating an inflation rate that is too high. The objective is therefore to stop…
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Definition of monetary policy
What is monetary policy? Monetary policy is the action taken by a central bank to influence the money supply level of a country or geographical area. In the European Union, the ECB (European…
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Definition of policy rate
What is a policy rate? A policy rate is a short-term reference rate set by a central bank. In reality, there are three different policy rates. The main one, and the one that everyone talks about…
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Definition of liquidity trap
What is a liquidity trap? A liquidity trap is an economic situation in which the central bank is unable to generate inflation despite monetary stimulus. A liquidity trap marks the failure of…
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The FED's fiscal policy
Unlike the FED’s monetary policy, we are going to study the FED’s fiscal policy in a generic way, as its effects are mechanically comparable regardless of the legislation. The budget can only…